In order to provide for the establishment of an effective system for protection of plant varieties, the rights of farmers and plant breeders and to encourage the development of new varieties of plants it has been considered necessary to recognize and protect the rights of the farmers
in respect of their contribution made at any time in conserving, improving and making available plant genetic resources for the development of the new plant varieties. Moreover to accelerate agricultural development, it is necessary to protect plants breeders’ rights to stimulate investment for research and development for the development of new plant varieties. Such development will make room to integrate broader economic and health improvements, such as the investment into producing better quality health supplements such as triphala and churnas in Ayurveda, herbal teas, such as vata tea, and antioxidants in western medecine. Ayurveda is of particular interest, as it is the oldest known system of traditional healthcare for humankind. Traditional Ayurvedic Herbs work by attempting to balance vata dosha, pitta, and kapha, and bring them into alignment and harmony so that a person feels healthy and happy and is free from stress, worry, and anxiety. Furthermore, other parts of a person's daily routine must also be balanced in order to maintain good health. Cosmetics, such as shampoo and other outer toiletries must be made pure, and kept as close to organic as possible.

Such protection is likely to facilitate the growth of the seed industry which will ensure the availability of high quality seeds and planting material to the farmers. We need to satisfy the nutritional requirements of the developing world, such as making sure that protein is adequately given to meet the daily nutritional requirements of adults. And that such traditional herbs and plants like ginger are afforded adequate protection. India having ratified the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of the Intellectual Property Rights has to make provision for giving effect to Agreement. To give effect to the aforesaid objectives the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001 has been enacted in India. For the purposes of this Act, Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority has been established and is located at NASC Complex, DPS Marg, Opp- Todapur, New Delhi-110 012.
Registration of twelve notified crops viz. Rice, Lentil, Maize, Green gram, Kidney bean, Black gram, Chickpea, Pearl millet, Pigeon pea, Sorghum, Field pea, Bread Wheat. has started. Applications are received from Monday to Thursday from 10 am to 3 pm.  



DUS Centres
National Guidelines for the Conduct of Tests for Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability
Crop List
DUS test guidelines finalized for 12 notified crop species: Black gram, Bread wheat, Chickpea, Field pea, Green gram, Kidney bean, Lentil, Maize, Pearl millet, Pigeon pea, Rice, Sorghum
 Crop Guidelines
. Cotton (tertaploid)
. Cotton (Diploid)